# Tutorial

This page is the beginning of a hands-on tutorial in Serpent that will walk you through the creation of simple pin-cell and assembly geometry models and the use of those models for some reactor physics simulations.

## Pre-requisite

Compiled version of Serpent 2

## Basics of Serpent input

Explain different (typical) parts such as:

• Material definitions
• Geometry definitions
• Run parameters/options

## Infinite homogeneous model

### Overview

The first model in this tutorial is the simplest geometry model one can imagine: an infinite homogeneous system consisting of a single material. Here the infinite material is 4.0 wt-% enriched uranium with a density of 10.1 g/cm3.

The input of such a model consists of

1. Defining the single material, which is called fuel in this example.
2. Defining the geometry by
1. Defining an "infinite" surface, i.e. a surface enclosing all of space. The surface name is s1 in this example.
2. Defining two geometry cells: One containing the material fuel and the other being defined as an outside cell.
3. Setting up other run parameters, here simply setting the neutron population that is to be simulated.

### Input

Colors in the input correspond to:

• Control words
• Name definitions
• Name references

Input for 2D pin-cell geometry

```% --- Very simple infinite homogeneous geometry for Serpent tutorial

/************************
* Material definitions *
************************/

% --- Fuel material (4.0 wt-% enriched uranium dioxide), density 10.1 g/cm3

mat fuel     -10.1
92235.03c    -0.04
92238.03c    -0.96

/************************
* Geometry definitions *
************************/

% --- "Surface" at infinity

surf s1 inf

% --- Cell c1 belongs to the base universe 0, contains the material fuel
%     and covers everything inside surface s1

cell c1 0 fuel      -s1

% --- Cell c2 belongs to the base universe 0, is defined as an "outside" cell
%     and covers everything outside surface s1

cell c2 0 outside    s1

/******************
* Run parameters *
******************/

% --- Neutron population: 5000 neutrons per cycle, 100 active / 20 inactive cycles

set pop 5000 100 20
```

## 2D Pin-cell model

### Basics

Colors in input correspond to:

• Control words
• Name definitions
• Name references

Input for 2D pin-cell geometry

```% --- Simple 2D PWR pin-cell geometry for Serpent tutorial

/************************
* Material definitions *
************************/

% --- Fuel material (3.0 wt-% enriched uranium dioxide), density 10.1 g/cm3

mat fuel     -10.1
92235.03c    -0.02644492
92238.03c    -0.85505247
8016.03c    -0.11850261

% --- Cladding material for fuel rod
%     (100 % Zirconium)

40000.03c    -1.0

% --- Water at 1.0 g/cm3

mat water    -1.0
1001.03c     2.0
8016.03c     1.0

/************************
* Geometry definitions *
************************/

% --- Fuel pin structure

pin p1
fuel    0.4025
water

% --- Square surface with 1.0 cm side centered at (x,y) = (0,0)

surf s1 sqc 0.0 0.0 0.5

% --- Cell c1 belongs to the base universe 0, is filled with the pin p1
%     and covers everything inside surface s1

cell c1 0 fill p1   -s1

% --- Cell c2 belongs to the base universe 0, is defined as an "outside" cell
%     and covers everything inside surface s1

cell c2 0 outside    s1

/******************
* Run parameters *
******************/

% --- Neutron population

set pop 5000 100 20

% --- Boundary condition (1 = black, 2 = reflective, 3 = periodic)

set bc 2

% --- Geometry plots

plot 3  200  200
plot 3 1000 1000 0.0 -2.5 2.5 -2.5 2.5
```