# Surface types

## Elementary surfaces

Notes:

• Elementary surfaces refer here to surfaces that can be represented by a single equation.

### Planes

Notes:

• Parametric form of the general plane is assumed if four values are provided in the surface card. With six values the plane is assumed to be defined by three points.
• The positive side for a plane defined by three points is determined by the order in which the points are entered (see the right-hand rule).
Surface name Parameters Surface equation Description
px x0 $S(x) = x - x_0$ Plane perpendicular to x-axis at x = x0
py y0 $S(y) = y - y_0$ Plane perpendicular to y-axis at y = y0
pz z0 $S(z) = z - z_0$ Plane perpendicular to z-axis at z = z0
plane A, B, C, D $S(x,y,z) = Ax+ By + Cz - D$ General plane in parametric form
plane x1, y1, z1, x2, y2, z2, x3, y3, z3 General plane defined by three points

Notes:

• cyl is the same surface as cylz
• Infinite cylinder is assumed if three values are provided in the surface card for cylx, cyly, cylz or cyl. With five values the surface is assumed to be a truncated cylinder.
Surface name Parameters Surface equation Description
cylx y0, z0, r $S(y,z) = (y - y_0)^2 + (z - z_0)^2 - r^2$ Infinite cylinder parallel to x-axis, centred at (y0,z0), radius r
cyly x0, z0, r $S(x,z) = (x - x_0)^2 + (z - z_0)^2 - r^2$ Infinite cylinder parallel to y-axis, centred at (x0,z0), radius r
cylz, cyl x0, y0, r $S(x,y) = (x - x_0)^2 + (y - y_0)^2 - r^2$ Infinite cylinder parallel to z-axis, centred at (x0,y0), radius r
cylv x0, y0, z0, u0, v0, w0, r $S(x,y,z) = (1-u_0^2)(x - x_0)^2 + (1-v_0^2)(y - y_0)^2 + (1-w_0^2)(z - z_0)-r^2$ Infinite cylinder, parallel to (u0,v0,w0), centred at (x0,y0,z0), radius r
sph x0, y0, z0, r $S(x,y,z) = (x - x_0)^2 + (y - y_0)^2 + (z - z_0)^2 - r^2$ Sphere, centred at (x0,y0,z0), radius r
cone x0, y0, z0, r, h $(x - x_0)^2 + (y - y_0)^2 - \left(1 - (z - z_0)/h\right)r^2$ Half cone parallel to z-axis, base at (x0,y0,z0), base radius r, height h (distance from base to vertex)
quadratic A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J $S(x,y,z) = Ax^2 + By^2 + Cz^2 + Dxy + Eyz + Fzx + Gx + Hy + Iz + J$ General quadratic surface in parametric form

Notes:

• Serpent can handle circular and elliptical torii. Radii r1 and r2 must be set equal (denoted in the surface equations as r) to describe a circular torus surface.
Surface name Parameters Surface equation Description Notes
inf - $S(y,x,z) = -\infty$ All space Can not be used in root universe
torx x0, y0, z0, R, r, r $S(x,y,z) = \left(R - \sqrt{(y - y_0)^2 + (z - z_0)^2}\right)^2 + (x - x_0)^2 - r^2$ Circular torus with major radius R perpendicular to x-axis (revolving radius), centred at (x0, y0, z0), minor radius r (inner radius).
x0, y0, z0, R, r1, r2 $S(x,y,z) = \dfrac{\left(R - \sqrt{(y - y_0)^2 + (z - z_0)^2}\right)^2}{r_2^2} + \dfrac{(x - x_0)^2}{r_1^2} - 1$ Elliptic torus with major radius R perpendicular to x-axis (revolving radius) centred at (x0, y0, z0), vertical (x-)semi-axis r1 and horizontal (y-/z-)semi-axis r2.
tory x0, y0, z0, R, r, r $S(x,y,z) = \left(R - \sqrt{(x - x_0)^2 + (z - z_0)^2}\right)^2 + (y - y_0)^2 - r^2$ Circular torus with major radius R perpendicular to y-axis (revolving radius), centred at (x0, y0, z0), minor radius r (inner radius).
x0, y0, z0, R, r1, r2 $S(x,y,z) = \dfrac{\left(R - \sqrt{(x - x_0)^2 + (z - z_0)^2}\right)^2}{r_2^2} + \dfrac{(y - y_0)^2}{r_1^2} - 1$ Elliptic torus with major radius R perpendicular to y-axis (revolving radius) centred at (x0, y0, z0), vertical (y-)semi-axis r1 and horizontal (x-/z-)semi-axis r2.
torz x0, y0, z0, R, r, r $S(x,y,z) = \left(R - \sqrt{(x - x_0)^2 + (y - y_0)^2}\right)^2 + (z - z_0)^2 - r^2$ Circular torus with major radius R perpendicular to z-axis (revolving radius), centred at (x0, y0, z0), minor radius r (inner radius).
x0, y0, z0, R, r1, r2 $S(x,y,z) = \dfrac{\left(R - \sqrt{(x - x_0)^2 + (y - y_0)^2}\right)^2}{r_2^2} + \dfrac{(z - z_0)^2}{r_1^2} - 1$ Elliptic torus with major radius R perpendicular to z-axis (revolving radius) centred at (x0, y0, z0), vertical (z-)semi-axis r1 and horizontal (x-/y-)semi-axis r2.

## Derived surface types

Notes:

• Derived surfaces refer here to surfaces composed of two or more elementary types.

### Truncated cylinders

Notes:

• Truncated cylinders use the same names as the infinite cylinders above.
• Infinite cylinder is assumed if three values are provided in the surface card for cylx, cyly, cylz or cyl. With five values the surface is assumed to be a truncated cylinder.
Surface name Parameters Composed of Description
cylx y0, z0, r, x0, x1 Infinite cylinder + two planes Infinite cylinder parallel to x-axis, centred at (y0,z0), radius r, truncated between [x0, x1]
cyly x0, z0, r, y0, y1 Infinite cylinder + two planes Infinite cylinder parallel to y-axis, centred at (x0,z0), radius r, truncated between [y0, y1]
cylz, cyl x0, y0, r, z0, z1 Infinite cylinder + two planes Infinite cylinder parallel to z-axis, centred at (x0,y0), radius r, truncated between [z0, z1]

### Regular prisms

Notes:

• All prisms are parallel to z-axis, and they can be rotated using surface transformations.
• Infinite and truncated triangular prisms use the same name, and are composed by three or five planes, respectively. Infinite prism is assumed if three/four values are provided in the surface card tric. With six values the surface is assumed to be a truncated (equilateral) triangular prism.
• Triangular prisms orientation, ori, corresponds to the cardinal direction of the non-aligned vertex of the triangle. Default orientation is North. It follows the scheme: W-S-E-N (W=1, S=2, E=3, N=4).
Surface name Parameters Composed of Description
tric x0, y0, r, ori three planes Infinite (equilateral) triangular prism parallel to z-axis, centred at (x0,y0), incircle radius r, orientation ori (optional)
x0, y0, r, ori, z0, z1 five planes Truncated (equilateral) triangular prism parallel to z-axis, centred at (x0,y0), incircle radius r, orientation ori, truncated between [z0, z1]
sqc x0, y0, d four planes Infinite square prism parallel to z-axis, centred at (x0,y0), half-width d
rect x0, x1, y0, y1 four planes Infinite rectangular prism parallel to z-axis, between [x0, x1] and [y0, y1]
hexxc x0, y0, d six planes Infinite hexagonal prism parallel to z-axis, centred at (x0,y0), flat surface perpendicular to x-axis, half-width d
hexyc x0, y0, d six planes Infinite hexagonal prism parallel to z-axis, centred at (x0,y0), flat surface perpendicular to y-axis, half-width d
hexxprism x0, y0, d, z0, z1 eight planes Truncated hexagonal prism parallel to z-axis, centred at (x0,y0), flat surface perpendicular to x-axis, half-width d, truncated between [z0, z1]
hexyprism x0, y0, d, z0, z1 eight planes Truncated hexagonal prism parallel to z-axis, centred at (x0,y0), flat surface perpendicular to y-axis, half-width d, truncated between [z0, z1]
octa x0, y0, d1, d2 eight planes Infinite octagonal prism parallel to z-axis, centred at (x0,y0), half-widths d1 and d2
dode x0, y0, d1, d2 twelve planes Infinite dodecagonal prism parallel to z-axis, centred at (x0,y0), half-widths d1 and d2

### 3D polyhedra

Notes:

• The description of parallelepiped may be wrong.
Surface name Parameters Composed of Description
cube x0, y0, z0, d six planes Cube, centred at (x0,y0,z0), half-width d
cuboid x0, x1, y0, y1, z0, z1 six planes Cuboid, between [x0, x1], [y0, y1] and [z0, z1]
ppd x0, y0, z0, Lx, Ly, Lz, $\alpha$x, $\alpha$y, $\alpha$z six planes Parallelepiped, with corner at (x0, y0, z0) and edges of length Lx, Ly and Lz at angles $\alpha$x, $\alpha$y and $\alpha$z (in degrees) with respect to the coordinate axes

### Other derived surface types

Surface name Parameters Description
pad x0, y0, r1, r2, $\alpha$1, $\alpha$2 Sector from $\alpha$1 to $\alpha$2 (in degrees) of a cylinder parallel to z-axis, centred at (x0,y0), between radii r1 and r2
cross x0, y0, l, d Cruciform prism parallel to z-axis, centered at (x0,y0), half-width l, half-thickness d
gcross x0, y0, d1, d2, ... Prism parallel to z-axis, centred at (x0,y0), formed by planes at distances dn from the center ("generalized cruciform prism", see figure below)
hexxap x0, y0, wd, dw, a Surface for simplified modeling of hexagonal fuel assembly angle pieces. Consists of two infinite hexagonal prisms parallel to z-axis, centered at (x0, y0), flat surfaces perpendicular to x-axis, with the outer hexagon having outer half-width of wd, and the surface perpendicular thickness is dw (the inner hexagon half width is wd - dw), and each half-section of each angle piece with width of a, measured from the tip of the angle piece angle to the flat surface of the angle piece.
hexyap x0, y0, wd, dw, a Surface for simplified modeling of hexagonal fuel assembly angle pieces. Consists of two infinite hexagonal prisms parallel to z-axis, centered at (x0, y0), flat surfaces perpendicular to y-axis, with the outer hexagon having outer half-width of wd, and the surface perpendicular thickness is dw (the inner hexagon half width is wd - dw), and each half-section of each angle piece with width of a, measured from the tip of the angle piece angle to the flat surface of the angle piece.

### Rounded corners

Infinite prisms:

• sqc
• hexxc
• hexyc
• cross

Allow defining rounded corners. The radius is then provided as the last surface parameter (s in figure below):

## MCNP-equivalent surfaces

Notes:

• Additional surfaces included to simplify input conversion between Serpent and MCNP.
• For description, see Chapter 3 of the MCNP5 User's Guide.
Surface name Equivalent surface in MCNP
box BOX
ckx K/X
cky K/Y
ckz K/Z
mplane P (form defined by three points)
rcc RCC
x X
y Y
z Z

## User-defined surfaces

Notes:

• Remember to make a backup of your subroutine before installing new updates.
• If you have a working surface routine that might be useful for other users as well, contact the Serpent team and we'll include it in the next update as a built-in type.
Surface name Parameters Description
usr p1, p2, ... User-defined surface, implemented in source file "usersurf.c". The subroutine receives the number and list of surface parameters as input. Instructions are included as comments in the source file.